There are many different types of live fish bait used in various regions. Whether you’re a beginner or expert fisherman, it helps not only to know how to rig live bait, but also how to use it and for what species to use it for. Here are some of the most popular options for fish you would find in freshwater.
Types of Live Fish Bait
- Worms: Red Worms and Nightcrawlers
- Insects: Mealworms, Wax Worms (grubs), Grasshoppers and Crickets
- Minnows: Golden Shiners, Flatheads, Creek Chubs and Suckers
Fishing with Live Worms
Worms are the most common types of a live bait option. They’re a staple and you’ll typically have an easy time finding red worms and nightcrawlers at your local bait shop. Alternatively, you can dig them up in your backyard. They’re often stored or sold in breathable-lid foam containers. A dozen or two dozen worms should be sufficient for a day of fishing. Essentially, all freshwater species love worms, but they’re best used to target small bass near shore or off the dock. Red worms, on the other hand, are great for Rainbow Trout in stocked lakes and streams.
Fishing with Insects
Insects are typically readily available as bait, but they’re the least common type of live fish bait. Grasshoppers and crickets are a great option when targeting trout in small streams and grubs are a default option for ice fishing. Hoppers come in cardboard boxes or small crates, while grubs are typically sold in plastic pucks. Keep them dry and try to avoid too much heat.
Fishing with Live Minnows
Minnows will typically catch larger fish, but they’re the most challenging types of fish bait. Getting the best results with minnows involves providing lively minnows near their natural location where the fish you’re after are feeding. This will often be near the bottom, where cover such as boulders, vegetation and rocks are present. However, you also need to consider the outlay of the water body, such as hump, point or drop off as well as structure (changes in depth). You can use Minnows to catch Striped Bass.
Understanding the different types of live fish bait helps you to fish better. If you’re a beginner, you can start with nightcrawlers along with a sinker to catch fish such as Rainbow Trout. Over time, you’ll be ready to target larger fish such as various Bass and Trout, along with King and Kokanee Salmon. Whether you are looking to catch a specific fish, or spend a day out on the river, our guides here at SAC River Guide are ready to help you meet your fishing goals.